Confusion reigns concerning the proper spelling of the name of the Free Methodist church in Louisville, Kentucky. “In the past God overlooked such ignorance, but now He commands all people everywhere to repent.” (Acts 17.30, NIV)
John Cabell Breckinridge (1821 – 1875) represented the Commonwealth of Kentucky in both houses of Congress. He served in the House of Representatives from 1851 to 1855). In 1857 Breckinridge became the fourteenth and youngest-ever Vice President of the United States (1857–1861).
Breckinridge ran for President during the election of 1860 and finished second to Abraham Lincoln in electoral votes. In this Presidential election the two candidates born in Kentucky (Lincoln and Breckinridge) won 252 electoral college votes; and the two candidates not born in Kentucky (Bell and Douglas) won only fifty-one electoral college votes. Mary Todd Lincoln, President Lincoln’s wife, was a cousin of Breckinridge).
Even though Breckinridge did not carry his own state in the Presidential election; he won a seat in the US Senate. On March 4, 1861, Vice President Breckinridge swore in his successor, Vice President Hannibal Hamlin, who in turn swore in the new senators – including Breckinridge.
Breckinridge was expelled from the Senate after accepting a commission as a Brigadier General in the Confederate Army. He remains the only Senator of the United States convicted of treason against the United States of America by the Senate.
Breckinridge’s commission was not nominal. He had an illustrious military career including service in the Mexican-American War and in the Civil War battles of Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Stones River, and Chattanooga. He was appointed Confederate Secretary of War late in the war. After the war he spent time in exile in various European countries.
Desiring to return to the U.S. but still fearing capture, Breckinridge moved his family back to Niagara, Canada in June 1868. Within sight of the U.S. border, he steadfastly refused to seek a pardon. Seventy members of the Kentucky General Assembly had requested a pardon from President Andrew Johnson on his behalf on February 10, 1866. On January 8, 1868, the Louisville City Council instructed the state's congressional delegation to seek assurance that Breckinridge would not be prosecuted if he returned.
President Andrew Johnson proclaimed amnesty for all former Confederates on December 25, 1868. Departing Canada on February 10, Breckinridge made several stops to visit family and friends along the route to Lexington, Kentucky, where he arrived on March 9. He died in Kentucky on May 17, 1875, at the age of fifty-four.
Despite differences in spelling, the towns of Breckenridge, Colorado; Breckenridge, Minnesota; Breckenridge, Missouri; and Breckenridge, Texas, are named in Breckinridge's honor. The Colorado town deliberately changed the spelling of its name when Breckenridge joined the Confederacy. Fort Breckinridge, Arizona, was named in his honor, though the name was changed after the Civil War to Camp Grant, Arizona. In Kentucky, Breckinridge County is named in his honor.
It is here that the confusion arises, for in Louisville, Kentucky, there are two streets names in honor of John Cabell Breckinridge – BreckINridge Street and BreckENridge Lane. BreckENridge Chapel is not named for the person, but for the street on which it located.
It will be noted that in Metro Louisville, the spelling, “BreckENridge,” is used by entities or streets located completely or partially in the City of St. Matthews that is within Louisville Metro; and the spelling, “BreckINridge,” is used by entities or streets located out of the City of St. Matthews. In short, “EN is in, and IN is out.”
A good test of this rule is the BreckINridge Inn that is located on BreckENridge Lane, but not in St. Matthews. One can therefore say “The INN is out.
To avoid this confusion one could use the legal name for Breckenridge Chapel, which is “St. Matthews Free Methodist Church, Inc.” One should note, however, that “Matthews” is nominative plural, not the possessive singular, “Matthew’s.” Apparently, the community does not belong to St. Matthew, but is named after more than one Matthew (not Matthiw).
All we ask at St. Matthews Free Methodist Church, Inc., d.b.a. Breckenridge Chapel, is that when corresponding with us you do not abbreviate our name “St. Matthews FREE METH Church.”
 All located within the bounds of the New South Conference of the Free Methodist Church.